Information and Communication Technology sector
During the last five years, information and communication technology (ICT) was seen as a dynamic and active sector in Mongolia. Foreign investments, technical assistance, and cooperation with technically advanced nations have enabled Mongolia to achieve significant progress in ICT development. The Government of Mongolia has articulated a national ICT Vision in 2010 that lays out the principal strategies of ICT development and the Prime Minister himself heads the National ICT Committee. The government’s relatively forward-looking policies have encouraged the private sector to become a leading force in the ICT sector.
The private sector has in turn responded to opportunities in building infrastructure and providing hardware and software services.
The government of Mongolia focuses its attention to ICT as a prime mover to socio-economic development. Therefore, various strategies were formulated to tap this opportunity. The main strategy is contained in the ICT Vision 2010, which aims to provide favorable conditions for the development of government-legislation framework, business-economic framework, and people-society framework and on the necessity to establish state policy and regulatory regimes. The medium-term development strategy for ICT supports the ICT Vision 2010 by presenting different approaches and project implementation schemes to realize the vision.
Recently the new Government of Mongolia has established the Information and Communication Authority/Agency under the Prime Minister. National Information and Communication Technology Committee is an organization with consulting and recommendatory functions to the Mongolian government.
The government recognizes the important role of the private sector and expresses their support in the following interventions: use ICT for increasing the competitiveness of national industry and services, support start-up businesses in ICT, activate domestic ICT market by promoting and intensifying ICT consumption by the government.
The telecommunications network of the country was renovated and installed according to international standards by Alcatel of France, EWSD of Germany and KDD of Japan. And also in 2006, Information and Communication Authority of Mongolia has signed memorandum of understanding with Korean Information and Communication Authority.
The country is connected with more than 150 countries via American Intelsat, Asiasat-1 and Intersputnik satellite links. Moreover, mobile telephone services, paging and data networks, cable TV networks, radio and TV broadcasting, and intranet networks are presently operating in Mongolia.
The internet was first brought to Mongolia by DataCom in January 1996. Since then, various internet-based services such as e-mail, internet connections, internet faxing, internet telephone, e-accounts, e-shopping, and internet cafe are available to users in Mongolia. There are about 12 Internet service providers /ISP/ in Mongolia such as Magicnet, Datacom, MiCom, and Bodicom.
As of last year, there are 46,000 Internet subscribers, over 200,000 Internet users and over 80,000 households with a cable TV all over the country. The digital divide between the rural and urban area is very wide. The fiber optic cable along railway was already set in place and operational. This will serve as the main regional backbone traversing between Russia and China. The government is working on it to optimize the use of this facility.
At present, Mongolians communicate locally and internationally using different telecommunication services, and they are: fixed line network (copper line and fiber optics), wireless communication (microwave links & cellular phones), VSAT (Intelsat and Intersputnik systems). Telecom Mongolia dominates the telephone services while Railway Authority is working out to increase its share in the market. A total of 156, 3 thousand telephone subscribers were registered last year.
Mobicom and Skytel are the only cellular telephone providers in Mongolia using GSM900 and CDMA technology respectively. A total of 574, 4 thousand cell phone subscribers were registered and are expected to grow at a faster rate than telephone subscribers. The cellular network covers all aimag (province) center and some biggest soum (county) centers. The density of cellular phone is 12.8 per 100 inhabitants. More information … http://www.ict.mn; http://www.icta.gov.mn/ictam/
Entry filed under: ICT Sector.