Geology and mining industry of Mongolia, has become one of the leading sectors of Mongolian development and fruits of the sector have been growing for years in due to the increase of the raw material extraction, surplus of the export and sale profits, playing an important role for economic development.
Thus, already has capacity and groundwork to provide with resources in order to develop heavy industry (ferrous, nonferrous and mining resource) based on mining resources.
At present, mining industry of Mongolia is one of primary significant sectors; producing 20 percent of the GDP, 64.0 percent of Gross industrial output, 68.5 percent of export and 47.7 percent of FDI alone with addition of 20 percent of the 20 percent of the state budget income.
The number of extractive mining products has been increasing year by year and iron ore, zinc concentrate and molding copper are starting to be exported in the beginning of 2005.
Due to the favorable legal environment of the geology and mining industry to attract domestic and foreign investors, new industries are starting to intensify.
As mentioned above, foreign investors in geology, mining and petroleum industries are increasing and about 47.4 percent of the total foreign investors are from China, 12.2 percent is from Canada, Korea (7.3%), Japan (5.0%), USA (3.6%) and other foreign investors.
The exploration process of Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Ltd., Co, invested from
Canada, in Oyu Tolgoi deposit, Khanbogd soum of the Umnugobi province is attracting on not only in Mongolia but also in the world. Due to this exploration there is a provisional expectation of increase in Mongolia’s copper and gold reserve with a number of times.
However, extracting new kinds of minerals and processing final products to export are in stagnant situation. For example, mines and deposits with copper, coal, pewter, poly metal, phosphorus and uranium etc., have been found with state budget exploration about 20 years ago, still are not in use in industrial process till present time.
The cause of this lack of usage is directly related with infrastructure problems like shortage of water resource, not connected with heat and electricity power and lack of driveway and railway constructions in deposit located places and areas.
Technique and technology of many mining industries are in bad situation except for Mongolian-Russian joint industries. Especially, land damages of per gold and coal production and mineral leavings are high, causing environmental pollution following with extracting process of illegal ninja situations.
Some of the newly established deposit sites are using nonstandard toxic chemical causing damage to environment and people at the same time. Due to this, there are necessity of drafting a law or rules of proper usages of chemicals in mining industry and inspection process of its usages and making clearer on some points like impending, registering and neutralizing of the chemical usages.
Government has been focusing on policy which is transferring from aid and loan based economic mechanism to foreign investment supported economic mechanism. And in order to succeed Erdenet and Darkhan metallurgy industries have to renewed and extended.
In addition, creating middle capacity industries which are going to deeply processing produce products of the extracted and concentrated products of the mining industry are still in under plan.
We also have to mention, the new and amended “Mineral law of Mongolia”, adopted by Parliament to create accomplished legal environment of geology and mining industry.
Furthermore, there are great opportunities to make plan to develop infrastructure complex in deposit sites like Tavan Suvraga, Oyu Tolgoi and Tsagaan Suvraga, located in southern part of Gobi provinces, and there are great opportunity to research and study the establishment of chemical industries like cathode copper, cokes, carbonated coal and to extract liquid fuel following the these sites together with foreign investors.
In order to float some deposit sites we need to have some investors’ proposal to participate in establishment of infrastructure, railway, roads and heating power stations and we are ready to assist in this.
Even though Mongolia is a country rich with mineral resource, raw materials in future we plan on becoming a country that produces the “Value added products”.
To establish the micro and middle extractive industries directed to Asian developed countries along with our resource based Russian and Chinese industries, we are in need of technique and technology, know-how, foreign direct investment, business knowledge and experience and management and ready to cooperate in these fields which are open to everyone.
Entry filed under: Heavy industry.